In this course of 15 modules delivered over 5 sessions, we first discuss the basics of energy purchase and the important concepts you need to understand to read, write and negotiate PPAs. After looking at the basics, we look at some of the components of the agreements and focus on those that are most often negotiated between electricity producers and electricity consumers. We are also looking at how the AAE integrates into the network of contracts for an energy development project and the interaction between the AAE and other contracts. Auchan Retail plans to buy 16% of its electricity from clean electricity in 2022, up from 100% by 2030. Voltalia says the deal is the first green and sustainable consortium loan for an independent European electricity producer. Both credit facilities have a five-year term, which can be increased to seven years. The agreement is Voltalia`s fourth power purchase agreement in his country. French distributor Auchan will buy the electricity under a 20-year contract. Today, French wind farms, which represent 1,200 MW of generating capacity, are affected by this particular situation and could be abandoned for new projects. Since, it is no longer made of the duration of a „15-year purchase contract“ with EDF (a mechanism comparable to an energy subsidy, since the tariffs were guaranteed by the French energy law). After supplying electricity to French retailer Boulanger, SNCF public and mutual credit financial services, solar developer Voltalia has secured its fourth agreement for an unsubsidized solar installation in France. Voltalia has been awarded a 25-year power purchase agreement by French retailer Boulanger for electricity generated from a 5 MW project. The buyer also committed to purchase electricity from new wind and solar installations to be operated by the French developer.
Another AAE was recently signed between French renewable energy company Akuo Energy and Internet company Qwant, but it was unclear whether Solar would be part of the agreement. In November, the French energy cooperative Enercoop submitted a request for a proposal for the selection of solar and wind projects with a maximum size of 10 MW, which would allow it to sign an AAE in the long term. The developer did not announce the price at which Boulanger will purchase electricity from its plant, which is expected to be connected in 2022, but said the retailer had, through an exclusive partnership agreement, prioritized the purchase of electricity from wind turbines and solar installations to be developed by Voltalia. Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) work in many different contexts. They can be used to support the development of new projects or for the energy supply of existing projects. They can be written by independent electricity producers, governments or utilities. They can operate in regions where electricity exchanges and markets are sophisticated and they can also operate in developing countries with a single buyer and a centralized supplier of monopoly electricity. In the sessions of this course, we deal with each of these contexts. The French developer will supply Auchan Retail with the energy produced in two solar installations with a total generating capacity of 61 MW in the south of the country, as part of a 20-year power purchase contract (AAE) signed by the energy consumer.
The contract concludes with agreements for a 5 MW solar production capacity with Boulanger, a 150 MW contract with the railways and a 10 MW agreement with the lender Credit Mutuel with these three 25-year PPPs. Multinational distributor Auchan has also signed agreements with Boralex and Eurowatt for the expansion of the production of two wind farms of 13 wind turbines in the Hauts-de-France and the Loire Valley.